China high quality Quadrant Worm Gear Valve bevel gear set

Product Description

XHW part turn worm gearboxes are applied to dampers, ball valves, butterfly valves and also other 90° quarter turn valves. RHW part turn worm gear operator has variety models of hand wheel for optional.
Operating Environment

XHW part turn worm gearboxes are with good mechanical quality and steady operating performance which apply to deal with variety climate and temperature. We strive to develop XHW part turn worm gear operators to meet higher demands.
Enclosure: IP67
Working Temperature: From -20ºC to 120ºC( -4ºF to 248ºF)
Painting: Black(Customization) 

XHW series Part-turn Gearboxes use worm and worm wheel revolute pairs, with high performance needle roller bearing assembled on both ends of the worm shaft. It ensures the thrust requirement during rotation. It’s in high mechanical efficiency withstands big torque, small size with compact design, and it’s also easy to operate and has reliable self-locking function.
1.Precision casting ductile iron housing
2.Optional output torque, range up to 32000Nm
3.High efficient needle roller bearing
4.High strength steel input shaft
5.Stroke 0°- 90°( ±5°)
6.Compact structure
7.Grease filled for longer life
8.Adjustable stopper (±5°)
9.Good seal
Connect with valve
The flange connecting to valve is according to ENISO5210 or DIN3210(Customization)

Main Products
Worm gearbox, bevel gearbox, valve gear box, worm gear operator, worm gear actuator, valve worm gear, valve gear operator, valve gear actuator, valve actuator
Gear Operator, Valve Gearbox, Worm Gearbox, Gearbox, Speed Reducer, Part-turn Worm Gearbox, Worm Gearbox Supplier, High Quality Worm Gearbox, Gearbox manufacturer


Application: Machinery, Marine, Valves
Function: Change Drive Torque, Speed Changing, Speed Reduction
Layout: Other
Hardness: Soft Tooth Surface
Installation: Horizontal Type
Step: Double-Step


Customized Request

worm gear

How does a worm gear impact the overall efficiency of a system?

A worm gear has a significant impact on the overall efficiency of a system due to its unique design and mechanical characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation of how a worm gear affects system efficiency:

A worm gear consists of a worm (a screw-like gear) and a worm wheel (a cylindrical gear with teeth). When the worm rotates, it engages with the teeth of the worm wheel, causing the wheel to rotate. The main factors influencing the efficiency of a worm gear system are:

  • Gear Reduction Ratio: Worm gears are known for their high gear reduction ratios, which are the ratio of the number of teeth on the worm wheel to the number of threads on the worm. This high reduction ratio allows for significant speed reduction and torque multiplication. However, the larger the reduction ratio, the more frictional losses occur, resulting in lower efficiency.
  • Mechanical Efficiency: The mechanical efficiency of a worm gear system refers to the ratio of the output power to the input power, accounting for losses due to friction and inefficiencies in power transmission. Worm gears typically have lower mechanical efficiency compared to other gear types, primarily due to the sliding action between the worm and the worm wheel teeth. This sliding contact generates higher frictional losses, resulting in reduced efficiency.
  • Self-Locking: One advantageous characteristic of worm gears is their self-locking property. Due to the angle of the worm thread, the worm gear system can prevent the reverse rotation of the output shaft without the need for additional braking mechanisms. While self-locking is beneficial for maintaining position and preventing backdriving, it also increases the frictional losses and reduces the efficiency when the gear system needs to be driven in the opposite direction.
  • Lubrication: Proper lubrication is crucial for minimizing friction and maintaining efficient operation of a worm gear system. Inadequate or improper lubrication can lead to increased friction and wear, resulting in lower efficiency. Regular lubrication maintenance, including monitoring viscosity, cleanliness, and lubricant condition, is essential for optimizing efficiency and reducing power losses.
  • Design and Manufacturing Quality: The design and manufacturing quality of the worm gear components play a significant role in determining the system’s efficiency. Precise machining, accurate tooth profiles, proper gear meshing, and appropriate surface finishes contribute to reducing friction and enhancing efficiency. High-quality materials with suitable hardness and smoothness also impact the overall efficiency of the system.
  • Operating Conditions: The operating conditions, such as the load applied, rotational speed, and temperature, can affect the efficiency of a worm gear system. Higher loads, faster speeds, and extreme temperatures can increase frictional losses and reduce overall efficiency. Proper selection of the worm gear system based on the expected operating conditions is critical for optimizing efficiency.

It’s important to note that while worm gears may have lower mechanical efficiency compared to some other gear types, they offer unique advantages such as high gear reduction ratios, compact design, and self-locking capabilities. The suitability of a worm gear system depends on the specific application requirements and the trade-offs between efficiency, torque transmission, and other factors.

When designing or selecting a worm gear system, it is essential to consider the desired balance between efficiency, torque requirements, positional stability, and other performance factors to ensure optimal overall system efficiency.

worm gear

What are the potential challenges in designing and manufacturing worm gears?

Designing and manufacturing worm gears can present several challenges due to their unique characteristics and operating conditions. Here’s a detailed explanation of the potential challenges involved:

  1. Complex geometry: Worm gears have complex geometry with helical threads on the worm shaft and corresponding teeth on the worm wheel. Designing the precise geometry of the gear teeth, including the helix angle, lead angle, and tooth profile, requires careful analysis and calculation to ensure proper meshing and efficient power transmission.
  2. Gear materials and heat treatment: Selecting suitable materials for worm gears is critical to ensure strength, wear resistance, and durability. The materials must have good friction and wear properties, as well as the ability to withstand the sliding and rolling contact between the worm and the worm wheel. Additionally, heat treatment processes such as carburizing or induction hardening may be necessary to enhance the gear’s surface hardness and improve its load-carrying capacity.
  3. Lubrication and cooling: Worm gears operate under high contact pressures and sliding velocities, resulting in significant heat generation and lubrication challenges. Proper lubrication is crucial to reduce friction, wear, and heat buildup. Ensuring effective lubricant distribution to all contact surfaces, managing lubricant temperature, and providing adequate cooling mechanisms are important considerations in worm gear design and manufacturing.
  4. Backlash control: Controlling backlash, which is the clearance between the worm and the worm wheel, is crucial for precise motion control and positional accuracy. Designing the gear teeth and adjusting the clearances to minimize backlash while maintaining proper tooth engagement is a challenge that requires careful consideration of factors such as gear geometry, tolerances, and manufacturing processes.
  5. Manufacturing accuracy: Achieving the required manufacturing accuracy in worm gears can be challenging due to their complex geometry and tight tolerances. The accurate machining of gear teeth, maintaining proper tooth profiles, and achieving the desired surface finish require advanced machining techniques, specialized tools, and skilled operators.
  6. Noise and vibration: Worm gears can generate noise and vibration due to the sliding contact between the gear teeth. Designing the gear geometry, tooth profiles, and surface finishes to minimize noise and vibration is a challenge. Additionally, the selection of appropriate materials, lubrication methods, and gear housing design can help reduce noise and vibration levels.
  7. Efficiency and power loss: Worm gears inherently have lower efficiency compared to other types of gear systems due to the sliding contact and high gear ratios. Minimizing power loss and improving efficiency through optimized gear design, material selection, lubrication, and manufacturing accuracy is a challenge that requires careful balancing of various factors.
  8. Wear and fatigue: Worm gears are subjected to high contact stresses and cyclic loading, which can lead to wear, pitting, and fatigue failure. Designing the gear teeth for proper load distribution, selecting appropriate materials, and applying suitable surface treatments or coatings are essential to mitigate wear and fatigue issues.
  9. Cost considerations: Designing and manufacturing worm gears can be cost-intensive due to the complexity of the gear geometry, material requirements, and precision manufacturing processes. Balancing performance requirements with cost considerations is a challenge that requires careful evaluation of the gear’s intended application, performance expectations, and budget constraints.

Addressing these challenges requires a comprehensive understanding of gear design principles, manufacturing processes, material science, and lubrication technologies. Collaboration between design engineers, manufacturing experts, and material specialists is often necessary to overcome these challenges and ensure the successful design and production of high-quality worm gears.

worm gear

Are there different types of worm gears available?

Yes, there are different types of worm gears available to suit various applications and requirements. Here are some of the commonly used types:

Single Enveloping Worm Gear:

The single enveloping worm gear, also known as a cylindrical worm gear, has cylindrical teeth on the worm wheel that mesh with the helical thread of the worm. The teeth of the worm wheel wrap around the worm in a single enveloping manner. This design provides better contact and load distribution, resulting in higher load-carrying capacity and smoother operation. Single enveloping worm gears are commonly used in heavy-duty applications where high torque transmission is required.

Double Enveloping Worm Gear:

The double enveloping worm gear is a specialized type of worm gear that provides even greater load-carrying capacity compared to the single enveloping design. In a double enveloping worm gear, both the worm and the worm wheel have curved tooth profiles. The teeth of the worm wrap around the worm wheel while the teeth of the worm wheel wrap around the worm. This double enveloping action increases the contact area, improves load distribution, and enhances the gear’s efficiency. Double enveloping worm gears are used in applications that demand high torque and precision, such as aerospace and defense industries.

Non-enveloping Worm Gear:

The non-enveloping worm gear, also known as a non-throated worm gear, has a worm wheel with teeth that do not fully wrap around the worm. Instead, the worm wheel has straight or slightly curved teeth that engage with the helical thread of the worm. Non-enveloping worm gears are simpler in design and less expensive to manufacture compared to enveloping worm gears. They are commonly used in applications with moderate loads and where cost is a consideration.

Self-locking Worm Gear:

Self-locking worm gears are designed with a specific helix angle of the worm’s thread to provide a self-locking effect. This means that when the worm is not actively driving the worm wheel, the worm wheel is prevented from rotating backward and can hold its position securely. Self-locking worm gears find applications in systems where holding position or preventing backdriving is crucial, such as elevators, lifts, and certain industrial machinery.

These are just a few examples of the different types of worm gears available. The choice of worm gear type depends on factors such as the application requirements, load capacity, efficiency, and cost considerations.

China high quality Quadrant Worm Gear Valve bevel gear setChina high quality Quadrant Worm Gear Valve bevel gear set
editor by CX 2023-10-07